25 November 2019 | Features | By Dr. Lohith U, Consultant, Columbia Asia Hospital Sarjapur Road
Choose foods high in fibre, such as whole-grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice, fruits, and vegetables
Obesity is no longer a rich person disease. It has become the root of most lifestyle disease and has started to affect the children too.
To give an overview regarding the burden and what it holds for us in future. By the next decade, around 250 million of younger generation is likely to get heavier. One-third of this population is likely to be obese. They may also develop glucose intolerance leading to early onset of diabetes, high BP and liver disease. These statistics is not meant to scare, but rather meant to understand the seriousness of obesity and it is high time we start treating obesity as a “disease”.
Junk food consumption has been considered the root cause of obesity. But along with junk food, lack of physical activity and poor lifestyle habits has been attributed to the increased risk of obesity.
We need to understand that obesity and related complications are diseases of metabolism. Metabolism is decided by genes, diet, physical activity, stress levels, sleep patterns, and aging. Obesity-related diseases include PCOD, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, liver disease, and dyslipidaemia. As obesity is directly linked to these diseases, reducing weight plays a major role in treating these diseases. Diseases like type 2 diabetes and hypertension can be kept in remission by just losing weight.
What you can do
It has been studied that, just 30 minutes or more of physical activity in a day can gain significant health benefits.
For the greatest overall health benefits, would suggest 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise three or more times per week, plus some form of anaerobic exercise, such as muscle-strengthening activity and stretching twice a week.
If you have been inactive for a while, you may want to start with less strenuous activities, such as walking or swimming at a comfortable pace. Beginning at a slow pace will allow you to become physically fit without straining your body. Once you are in better shape, you can gradually do more strenuous activities.
Keep the following tips in mind.
These are just few examples to avoid obesity and lead a healthy lifestyle. But once obesity or obesity-related disease sets in, it is advisable to meet a obesity specialist for better control of the disease.
Dr. Lohith U, Consultant - Laparoscopic, Bariatric and GI surgeon, Columbia Asia Hospital Sarjapur Road